Republican voters have undergone a significant shift on the coronavirus in a few short weeks.
A month ago, half of GOP voters said they were more worried about public health than the economy. Now, fewer than 2 in 5 say their concerns about the physical dangers of the virus outweigh their fears of a free-falling economy — a 13 percent drop. And the percentage of Republicans who said it was more important for the government to address the spread of the virus than the economy fell 22 points, from 65 percent to 43 percent, versus a 15-point drop overall.
The changes, documented by weekly POLITICO/Morning Consult polls, shows that the party base has moved largely in sync with President Donald Trump and Republican governors as they press to reopen the economy sooner rather than later. It hints at a self-reinforcing dynamic in which Republican voters take cues from Trump and GOP politicians, who in turn use that support to justify reopening faster despite warnings from public health officials.
But it also risks putting Trump and the GOP out of step with the majority of voters on the most urgent issue facing the country just months before the presidential election. Fifty-six percent of voters overall say they’re more concerned about public health than the economy, though that is a drop of 8 percentage points from April 10 to 12, when they were first asked.
“As Congress reconvenes, a sharp political divide continues, as Republicans are increasingly more concerned with the pandemic’s economic impact, though a plurality of voters feel the country is reopening too quickly,” said Tyler Sinclair, vice president at Morning Consult.
While the federal government has begun to pivot toward reopening, some states — mostly controlled by Republican governors like Georgia’s Brian Kemp and Texas’ Greg Abbott — have been more aggressive. In both states, for example, residents can currently visit barber shops and restaurants, though with some restrictions on crowds and physical distance.
Asked whether they are more concerned about the economic impact of the coronavirus, “including the effects on the stock market and increased unemployment,” and the public health impact, “including the spread of the disease, which could cause more deaths, voters choose the public health effects by a 24-point margin, 56 percent to 34 percent.
But the partisan split is vast and colors public opinion on the virus and the government response: Democrats say they are more worried about public health, 72 percent to 16 percent, but Republicans are more concerned about the economy, 55 percent to 38 percent.
Independents are more worried about public health by a 20-point margin, 54 percent to 34 percent.
Similarly, voters say by a 2-to-1 margin that it’s more important for the government to address the spread of the virus than the economy, 60 percent to 30 percent. Among Democratic voters, it’s 72 percent to 16 percent — but a narrow majority of Republicans, 51 percent to 43 percent, say it’s more important for government to address the economy.
Seven-in-10 voters in the new survey, 70 percent, say Americans should continue social and physical distancing measures “as long as is needed to curb the spread of the coronavirus, even if it means continued damage to the economy” — including 82 percent of Democrats, 56 percent of Republicans and 70 percent of independents.
By comparison, only 17 percent say those social distancing measures should end “to stimulate the economy, even if it means increasing the spread of the coronavirus,” though that includes a third of Republicans, 33 percent.
While a huge majority supports continuing social distancing, it’s not as overwhelming as it was a month ago — with the most movement among Republicans. In mid-April, over 8-in-10 voters, 81 percent, said Americans should continue social distancing. Support for continuing social distancing has slipped 16 points among Republican voters, but only 7 points among Democrats and 12 points among independents.